Introduction Shoulder Injuries are prevalent in our general population. The most common condition being a rotator cuff lesion. The general prevalence is 13% in people over 50, to more than 50% n persons over 80. However 2/3 of these lesions are asymptomatic. Approximately 54% of asymptomatic people over the age of 60 have rotator cuff lesions. What is the rotator cuff? The shoulder has 30 muscles. The muscles move and stabilize the shoulder. The rotator cuff muscles refer to 4 muscles: • Supraspinatus • Infraspinatus • Teres Minoris • Subscapularis The tendons of these muscles come together to form the rotator cuff. These muscles support and stabilize the shoulder. How do tears happen? There are both extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Extrinsic factors [...]
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Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a medical condition in which a nerve is compressed as it travels through a tunnel in the wrist. This tunnel is called the Carpal Tunnel. As a result of the compression on the nerve, the affected individual may experience pain, numbness and tingling. What is the Carpal Tunnel? The carpal tunnel is a compartment located at the base of the palm. Through this tunnel pass nine tendons and the nerve (known as the median nerve). This nerve provides sensation to the thumb, index finger, long finger, and half of the ring finger. At the level of the wrist, the median nerve supplies the muscles at the base of the thumb that allow it to abduct, move away [...]